Common Window Management Shortcuts

Key Action
Alt + F4 Close the active item, or exit the active program
Alt + Tab Switch between open items
Ctrl + Alt + Tab Use the arrow keys to switch between open items
Alt + Esc Cycle through items in the order in which they were opened
Ctrl + Esc Open the Start menu
Alt + Spacebar Open the shortcut menu for the active window
Ctrl + Shift + Esc Open Task Manager
WinKey Open or Close Start button
WinKey + D Display or hide the desktop.
WinKey + E Open File Explorer.
WinKey + F Open File Explorer Search (Find).
WinKey + L Lock your PC or switch accounts.
WinKey + M Minimize all windows.
WinKey + Shift + M Restore minimized windows on the desktop.
WinKey + R Open the Run dialog box.
WinKey + V Open the clipboard.
WinKey + Up arrow Maximize the window.
WinKey + Down arrow Remove current app from screen or minimize the desktop window.
WinKey + Left arrow Maximize the app or desktop window to the left side of the screen.
WinKey + Right arrow Maximize the app or desktop window to the right side of the screen.
WinKey + Home Minimize all except the active desktop window (restores all windows on second stroke).

Additional Window Management Shortcuts

Key Action
WinKey + Tab Cycle through programs on the taskbar by using Aero Flip 3-D
Ctrl+WinKey + Tab Use the arrow keys to cycle through programs on the taskbar by using Aero Flip 3-D
Left Alt + Shift Switch the input language when multiple input languages are enabled

Rare Window Management Shortcuts

Key Action
Ctrl+Shift Switch the keyboard layout when multiple keyboard layouts are enabled
Right or Left Ctrl + Shift Change the reading direction of text in right-to-left reading languages
WinKey + B Set focus in the notification area.
WinKey + P Choose a presentation display mode.
WinKey + T Cycle through apps on the taskbar.
WinKey + U Open Ease of Access Center.
WinKey + Pause Display the System Properties dialog box.
WinKey + Ctrl + Enter Turn on Narrator.
WinKey + Plus (+) Open Magnifier.

CUA Shortcuts

Key Action
F1 Display Help
F2 Rename the selected item
F3 Search
Ctrl + F4 Close the active document (in programs that allow you to have multiple documents open simultaneously)
F5 (or Ctrl + R) Refresh the active window
F6 Cycle through screen elements in a window or on the desktop
F10 Activate the menu bar in the active program
Shift + F10 Display the shortcut menu for the selected item
Esc Cancel the current task
Delete (or Ctrl + D) Delete current item
Shift + Delete Delete current item (without undo?)
Alt + Enter Display properties for the selected item
Ctrl + C (or Ctrl + Insert) Copy the selected item
Ctrl + X Cut the selected item
Ctrl + V (or Shift + Insert) Paste the selected item
Ctrl + Z Undo an action
Ctrl + Y Redo an action
Ctrl + A Select all items in a document or window
Ctrl + Mouse scroll wheel Change zoom factor
Alt + underlined letter Display the corresponding menu
Alt + underlined letter Perform the menu command (or other underlined command)
Ctrl + Right Arrow Move the cursor to the beginning of the next word
Ctrl + Left Arrow Move the cursor to the beginning of the previous word
Ctrl + Down Arrow Move the cursor to the beginning of the next paragraph
Ctrl + Up Arrow Move the cursor to the beginning of the previous paragraph
Ctrl + Shift with an arrow key Select a block of text